ONE in five Australian workers are casual and almost 40% of employed people do not get paid leave entitlements.
The latest Australian Bureau of Statistics employment data also shows men are more likely to work in manufacturing (13%) and construction (11%), while women were more likely to work in health or social assistance (22%), retail (14%) or education (13%).
The data, collected during a survey in November last year, shows there were 11.4 million employed persons aged 15 years and over at the time.
Of these, 7.1 million (62%) were employees with paid leave entitlements, meaning they were entitled to paid sick and/or paid holiday leave.Of the remaining employed people, 2.2 million were employees without paid leave entitlements, one million were independent contractors and one million were other business operators.
More than half (64%) of employees in the accommodation and food services industry do not have paid leave. The agriculture, forestry and fishing industry was not far behind at 48%, then retail at 40% and arts and recreation at 39%.
Females were more likely than males not to have paid leave entitlements (23% compared with 16%).
The occupation with the highest proportion of employees without paid leave entitlements was sales workers (48%), followed by labourers (46%).
The ABS also found figures showed employees without paid leave entitlements (casuals) from 1998 to 2011 were increasing over time but the rights and entitlements of these casuals today are similar to previous years.
Australian employee characteristics in November 2011:
- 24% had been with their current employer for less than a year, while 21% had been with their current employer for 10 years or more.
- 19% were aged 15-24 years, and 14% were aged 55 years and over.
- 40% had some say in their start and finish times.
- 69% worked weekdays only in their job/s, while a further 30% worked both weekdays and weekends.
- Only 4% worked on a fixed-term contract, of whom 48% were professionals.
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